According to a recent report by the Russian Satellite News Agency, the latest news from the International Energy Agency shows that China is developing renewable energy at an advanced speed, so the goal of producing 1,200 gigawatts of ecologically clean energy by 2030 will be achieved ahead of schedule. China is forecast to account for nearly half of the world's new renewable energy capacity additions between 2022 and 2027. Even with reduced subsidies for wind and solar installations, China's renewables will continue to grow over the next five years.
Voice of America recently reported that China's photovoltaic industry has achieved rapid growth in the past 10 years, and the global photovoltaic module production center has shifted from Europe and the United States to China. At present, China is the largest country in the photovoltaic industry in the world, Europe is the main destination of China's photovoltaic products export, emerging countries India and Brazil also have strong market demand. At present, China's solar power generation and wind power generation equipment production capacity has already led the global market.
Renewable energy is green and low-carbon energy, and is an important part of China's multi-wheel drive energy supply system. It is of great significance to improving energy structure, protecting the ecological environment, coping with climate change, and achieving sustainable economic and social development. At present, China's relatively large-scale development of renewable energy is mainly divided into four categories: wind energy, solar energy, hydropower, and biomass energy.
According to the latest data from the National Energy Administration of China, in the first three quarters of 2022, China's newly installed renewable energy capacity was 90.36 million kilowatts, accounting for 78.8% of the country's newly installed power generation capacity. Among them, 15.9 million kilowatts of hydropower, 19.24 million kilowatts of wind power, 52.6 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation, and 2.62 million kilowatts of biomass power generation accounted for 13.9%, 16.8%, 45.8% and 2.3% of the country's newly installed capacity respectively. %. During the same period, China's renewable energy power generation reached 1.94 trillion kWh. China's renewable energy development continues to maintain steady and rapid growth.
China's renewable energy industry has gone through an extraordinary course of development from scratch, from small to large, from large to strong. In the past 10 years, China's wind energy and solar energy industries have achieved a leap from "quantitative change" to "qualitative change", which is related to various factors at home and abroad. At the economic level, China has formed a relatively complete wind energy and solar energy technology industrial system, with world-leading independent design and manufacturing capabilities. The integrated manufacturing of the entire industrial chain has effectively promoted the continuous decline in the cost of wind power and photovoltaic power generation, and the continuous improvement of industrial competitiveness. Energy independence Sexuality, independence, and security have been significantly enhanced. At the social level, in recent years, the Chinese people's demand for a better living environment has been increasing. Improving the energy structure and reducing carbon emissions are the core links to improving the environment. The development of renewable energy mainly based on wind energy and solar energy can effectively improve the effect of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and promote the improvement of the natural environment and human living environment. At the international level, in recent years, China has paid more and more attention to its international responsibility for carbon reduction. In September 2020, China made it clear that carbon dioxide emissions will peak before 2030, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. To achieve this goal, the Chinese government has continuously introduced a series of supporting measures to encourage the development of renewable energy-related industries and push this field into a new stage of development.
At present, China's renewable energy development is still facing some development bottlenecks. On the one hand, the government should carry out more scientific and reasonable planning, guide the orderly development of the renewable energy industry, and systematically promote the high-quality development of the industry in all links of the industrial chain such as the production, transportation, and consumption of renewable energy. On the other hand, the development of renewable energy requires the reform of some existing systems to provide more institutional guarantees for energy development and utilization. For example, the division of land types for wind and solar power generation requires more realistic institutional arrangements. In addition, the resource consumption and environmental pollution in the production and manufacturing of wind energy and solar energy related equipment, as well as recycling, treatment and disposal of discarded equipment cannot be ignored.
From a global perspective, China's renewable energy development is in the "leading" queue. The total installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic power generation and biomass power generation in China has ranked first in the world for many years in a row. In the field of solar energy, China has won a series of laurels such as the world's largest photovoltaic power generation industry chain cluster, the largest application market, the largest investment country, the most invention and application patents, and the largest product exporter. According to the report of the International Energy Organization, China has already accounted for more than 80% of the key production steps of solar panels, and it is estimated that by 2025, the share of some specific key components will exceed 95%.
As the world's largest renewable energy market and equipment manufacturer, China continues to deepen international cooperation in the field of renewable energy, and its business covers many countries and regions around the world. China's investment in renewable energy projects in countries and regions along the "Belt and Road" has shown a continuous growth trend, actively helping less developed countries and regions to promote and apply advanced green energy technologies, further promoting the development and utilization of renewable energy in countries around the world, and accelerating global energy development. Green transformation process.
It is worth mentioning that at present, China's renewable energy technology and products "going out" are not only concentrated in countries along the "Belt and Road", but also have broad markets in developed countries such as the United States and Europe. The cooperation between China and developing countries on renewable energy technology, infrastructure, and supporting services will significantly help solve the global energy poverty problem. Especially for developing countries with small land area, low energy demand, and underdeveloped national traditional power grids, the development of renewable energy such as wind energy and solar energy has significant advantages of low cost, high efficiency, and strong flexibility. In the future, China will not only vigorously promote the electrification of the domestic energy structure, the transformation of traditional fossil energy into raw materials, accelerate the pace of carbon reduction, and promote the green and low-carbon development of energy, but will also continue to promote China's renewable energy technologies to the world and make more contributions to the global emission reduction cause. great contribution.
Source: People's Daily Overseas Edition