The extreme weather closely related to climate change, such as scorching, drought, wildfire, rainstorm and flood, is occurring more frequently in many parts of the world, which has a significant impact on human health, ecosystem, economy, agriculture, energy and water supply, and even continues to threaten. The era of global warming has come to an end, and the era of global boiling has arrived. "UN Secretary General Guterres issued another warning on the global climate crisis with the" boiling era ", although it is an exaggeration, it is not excessive in terms of the urgency of global climate change.
The extreme impact of climate change is in line with scientists' previous warnings, but its speed is far faster than expected. With the continuous intensification of human activities, global greenhouse gas emissions are increasing, and the concentration of carbon dioxide is increasing. Climate resilience and sustainable development are facing increasingly severe challenges. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has warned that once global temperature rises exceed the "climate critical point", the frequency and intensity of climate disasters will significantly increase. Nine of the 15 global climate critical points have been activated, and the climate crisis "grey rhinoceros" is accelerating towards humanity.
If we continue to delay the key measures required, the situation before humanity will be catastrophic. In the face of the climate crisis, all countries must respond and take more proactive measures to make practical and sustained efforts towards carbon neutrality, accelerating the "just and fair transition" from fossil fuels to renewable energy.
Faced with the climate crisis, developed countries bear the historical, legal, and moral responsibility of causing global warming. The latest research shows that about 90% of excess carbon emissions originate from developed countries, which should pay a total of $170 trillion in compensation to low-carbon emitting countries. But so far, developed countries have not yet repaid their historical debts, and even the commitment made 14 years ago at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen to provide $100 billion in climate funding annually to developing countries by 2020 has not been fulfilled. The urgent task is for developed countries to face up to their own capabilities, responsibilities, and obligations in addressing climate change, further increase emissions reduction efforts, fulfill their commitments as soon as possible, provide climate finance and technology transfer to developing countries, and stop unilateral measures, decoupling, and trade barriers that affect and undermine the global response to climate change.
Faced with the climate crisis, China is a practitioner of ecological civilization and an activist in promoting global climate governance. China will strive to reach the peak of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030, achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, and achieve the highest reduction in global carbon emission intensity, achieving carbon neutrality in the shortest time in global history. China has established a "1+N" policy system to implement the dual carbon commitment, built the world's largest clean power generation network, and contributed 25% of the world's newly added green area since the beginning of this century. It has become one of the countries with the fastest reduction in energy consumption intensity and the country with the highest installed capacity for hydropower, wind power, and solar power generation in the world. China has also done its best to provide support and assistance to other developing countries, signing 43 South-South cooperation documents with 38 developing countries to address climate change, and training about 2000 officials and technical personnel in the field of climate change for more than 120 developing countries, making positive contributions to building a fair, reasonable, and win-win global climate governance system.
In the face of the climate crisis, no country can stand alone. The international community must quickly promote the establishment of a fair and effective global response mechanism to climate change. All countries must work together and immediately strengthen their actions to jointly promote global green, low-carbon, and sustainable development.